An obligation entered into before a court or magistrate duly authorized for that purpose whereby the recognizer acknowledges that he will do some act required by law which is specified therein. The act of recognizing is performed by the recognizer's assenting to the words of the magistrate and acknowledging himself to be indebted to a certain party in a specific amount to be paid if he fails to perform the requisite act. State v. Vinal, 113 R.I. 426, 325 A.2d 81, 83.
An obligation undertaken by a person, generally a defendant in a criminal case, to appear in court on a particular day or to keep the peace. It runs to the court and may not require a bond. In this case it is called personal recognizance. 18 U.S.C.A. No. 3142; Fed.R. Crim.P. 46.
See release on own recognizance

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

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  • recognizance — re·cog·ni·zance /ri käg nə zəns/ n [Anglo French recognisance reconisance, literally, recognition, from Old French reconoisance, from reconoistre to recognize, from Latin recognoscere] 1: an obligation entered into on the record before a court or …   Law dictionary

  • recognizance — re‧cog‧ni‧zance [rɪˈkɒgnɪzns ǁ ˈkɑːg ] also recognisance noun [countable] LAW a promise that someone makes in a court of law. If they do not keep this promise, they have to pay money to the court: • The two men were released on their own… …   Financial and business terms

  • Recognizance — Re*cog ni*zance (r[ e]*k[o^]g n[i^]*zans or r[ e]*k[o^]n [i^] ), n. [F. reconnaissance, OF. recognoissance, fr. recognoissant, p. pr. of recognoistre to recognize, F. reconna[^i]tre, fr. L. recognoscere; pref. re re + cognoscere to know. See… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • recognizance — late 14c., reconyssaunce, from O.Fr. reconissance acknowledgment, recognition (Fr. reconnaissance), from prp. stem of reconoistre (see RECOGNIZE (Cf. recognize)). Related: Recognizant …   Etymology dictionary

  • recognizance — (Amer.) re·cog·ni·zance || rɪ kÉ‘gnɪzÉ™ns /rɪ kÉ’g n. (Law, Finance) legal promise or obligation; formal agreement made by a person in court before a judge; money pledged as a bond (also recognisance) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • recognizance — [ri käg′ni zəns, rikän′izəns] n. [ME reconissance < OFr reconaissance < reconnoisant, prp. of reconoistre < L recognoscere, to recall to mind < re , again + cognoscere, to know: see COGNITION] 1. Law a) an obligation of record entered …   English World dictionary

  • Recognizance — In some common law nations, a recognizance is a conditional obligation undertaken by a person before a court. It is an obligation of record, entered into before a court or magistrate duly authorized, whereby the party bound acknowledges… …   Wikipedia

  • recognizance — /ri kog neuh zeuhns, kon euh /, n. 1. Law. a. a bond or obligation of record entered into before a court of record or a magistrate, binding a person to do a particular act. b. the sum pledged as surety on such a bond. 2. Archaic. recognition. 3.… …   Universalium

  • recognizance — n. (legal) on one s own recognizance (she was released on her own recognizance) * * * [rɪ kɒgnɪz(ə)ns] (legal) on one s own recognizance (she was released on her own recognizance) …   Combinatory dictionary

  • recognizance — noun Etymology: Middle English recognissance, alteration of reconissaunce, from Anglo French, from reconoistre to recognize Date: 14th century 1. a. an obligation of record entered into before a court or magistrate requiring the performance of an …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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